This image from a video released in early 2010 shows the Jordanian Abu Dujana al-Khurasani (right) and TTP leader Hakimullah Mehsud. Khorasani’s real name was Humam Khalil Abu Malal al-Balawi. The men are sitting in front of a black banner bearing the text of the shahada (Islamic testimony of faith holding that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is his messenger).

According to hadith (prophetic tradition or report), it was the battle flag of the Prophet Muhammad that was carried into battle by many of his companions.  The image of the black flag has been used as a symbol of religious revolt and engagement in battle (i.e. jihad).  In the contemporary Islamist movement, the black flag with the shahada (Islamic testimony of faith – There is no god but Allah and Muhammad His messenger) is used to evoke both notions of defensive jihad and reestablishing the Islamic Caliphate.

In the top right corner of the image appears the `Umar Studio logo, TTP media arm.

More Information
Group Name TTP (Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan)
Group Type Jihadist Group
Group Affiliation AQ Affiliates / Associates
Dominant Colors Black
Secondary Colors Orange, White
Language Arabic
Isolated Phrases / Mottoes / Slogans Shahada
Image Number 0352
Groups Region of Operation South Asia
Groups Country of Operation Paskistan
Body Parts Face / Bust
Geopolitical Symbols Symbol of party, movement or company, Slogan
Geopolitical Analysis Umar studio (TTP media arm) logo- orange calligraphic representation of the word `Umar.
People Group Leader / Influential figure, Spiritual Leader / Idealogue, Operational Leader, Man / Men
People Analysis Hammam Khalil Abu Milalal-Balawi aka Abu Dujana al-Khurasani (AQ); particularly influential in the jihadi blogosphere, highly regarded on the al-Hisba forum; and Hakimullah Mehsud, Tehrik-i Taliban Pakistan (TTP) leader.
Religious Textual References Shahada, Use of Calligraphy
Religious Textual References Analysis La ila illa Allah, Muhammad rasul Allah
Religious Symbols Black / White / Green Banners

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