Figures of armed jihadi fighters in the center of the image and U.S. troops on the right are all portrayed against a partial map of Iraq. The combination of the map and the fighters designates Iraq as an important theater for jihad, and implies a national obligation to join the struggle in order to establish a true Islamic state there. At the same time, the fact that the map and caption appear in English indicates that the image was designed to target U.S. troops.

The American flag, which appears on the right side of the image, is widely used in jihadi propaganda to evoke negative sentiments surrounding U.S. foreign policy and military campaigns. In this image, the flag appears on a soldier’s coffin as part of an image of a military funeral. Superimposed on this scene are flames and smoke evoking the notion of hell, verbalized in the caption “American Hell 2 in Ramadi.” The concept of hell in Islam is similar to that in Christianity, namely, a place of eternal suffering and fire for the unbelievers, the tyrannical and the unjust. The military vehicle ablaze on the left side of the image, combined with its proximity to the figures of the jihadi fighters, is designed to give the viewer a sense of the success of the jihadi side. The sense is particularly palpable when juxtaposed with the vulnerable, mournful American scene on the right. The caption is likely a reference to the Second Battle of Ramadi, which was a battle waged from June to November 2006 over control of the capital of al-Anbar province in western Iraq. It was during this battle that U.S. Navy Seal Michael A. Monsoor threw himself on a grenade that threatened the lives of other members of his team, an act for which Monsoor was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

More Information
Group Name Jihadi media; Run by an individual - Zubeiddah1417 aka Usama Abdallah Kassir extradited to the U.S. 9/25/2007
Group Type Jihadist Group
Dominant Colors Brown, Grey
Secondary Colors Red
Language 1) American Hell 2 in Ramadi.
Visual or Textual Reference to Significant Recent Events
Date EntryAnalysis Entry
Textual reference to the historical event of the Second Battle of Ramadi (June to November 2006) during the Iraq War for control of the capital of al-Anbar province.
Isolated Phrases / Mottoes / Slogans American Hell 2 in Ramadi.
Image Number 0183
Groups Region of Operation Europe
Groups Country of Operation Sweden
Weapons Firearms, Sub / Machine Gun, Rockets, Missile, Military Vehicle / Aircraft
Weapon Analysis Surface to air
Fire Flames, Burning Object
FIre Analysis Military vehicle and U.S. coffin
Geopolitical Symbols Country / Regional Map, Country Flag, Slogan
Geopolitical Analysis Iraq. U.S.
People Operative / Warrior (=mujahid), Man / Men
Topography Man-made Structure / Landmark
Topography Analysis Bombed building

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