While Muslims across sectarian lines share a reverence for many holy sites, some sites hold special significance for certain groups. For instance, the Dome of the Rock (located in Jerusalem) is recognized and revered by all Muslims, as it was built in 692 A.D. by the Umayyid caliph ‘Abd al-Malik on the site where Muslims believe the Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven in his mi‘raj (night journey). Indeed, it is considered the third holiest site in Islam after Mecca and al-Madina. At the same time, the Dome of the Rock is a powerful symbol of Palestinian nationhood. Because of its status in Islam, the Dome of the Rock is often used to code a message of inspiration for jihadi activism and the goal of martyrdom. Here, the face of the Qassami operative Yasir Sultan, also known as Abu al-‘Abbas, appears on the background of the Dome of the Rock. The image is intended as a celebration of Sultan’s martyrdom and a commemoration of the attack he carried out on 24 March 2004, which was the first reprisal operation for the assassination of Hamas leader Ahmad Yasin by Israeli forces on 22 March 2004.

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Group Name Kata'ib `Izz al-Din al-Qassam aka Qassam Brigade; Hamas wing
Group Type nationalist, religious
Dominant Colors Green
Secondary Colors Gold
Language Arabic
Visual or Textual Reference to Significant Recent Events
Date EntryAnalysis Entry
24/03/2004Visual reference to 3/24/2004 reprisal operation against Israelis for Ahmad Yasin's death two days earlier.
Isolated Phrases / Mottoes / Slogans Al-shahid yasir sultan
Image Number 0119
Groups Region of Operation Middle East
Groups Country of Operation Israel/ Palestine
Body Parts Face / Bust
People Operative / Warrior (=mujahid), Man / Men
Religious Symbols Holy Site
Religious Symbols Analysis Dome of the Rock
Flora Trees / Shrubs
Topography Man-made Structure / Landmark
Topography Analysis Domed mosque and holy site

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