While participating in jihad gives a jihadist important religious credibility, death in battle provides immortality, as the deceased is ranked a martyr. It is believed that Muslim martyrs will be highly rewarded in the afterlife for their sacrifice and hold a special position in heavenly paradise. It is therefore not surprising that martyrdom is a central theme in jihadi visual propaganda.

The caption on the left besides the face of deceased leader Dr. Fathi Shqaqi reads: “saraya al-quds intisar lil-din Allah wa-imtidad li-saraya rasul Allah, salla Allah `alayhi wa-sallam” [“Saraya al-Quds is a victory for God’s religion (i.e. Islam) and an extension of the Prophet’s squadrons, God’s prayer and peace be upon him”].

The appearance of Shqaqi’s face in the image is intended as a memorialization of his figure and serves to legitimize the continued armed struggle of the faction. Shqaqi was killed in Malta on October 26, 1995 by the Mossad.

More Information
Group Name Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) - Saraya al-Quds [al-Quds squadrons] aka Shqaqi faction
Group Type Jihadist Group
Dominant Colors Blue, Green
Secondary Colors Red
Language Arabic
Isolated Phrases / Mottoes / Slogans Saraya al-quds intisar lil-din Allah wa-imtidad li-saraya rasul Allah, salla Allah `alayhi wa-sallam
Image Number 0357
Groups Region of Operation Middle East
Groups Country of Operation Israel/Palestine
Weapons Firearms, Automatic / Assault Rifle, AK47, Ammo Belt / Vest, Rockets, RPG
Weapon Analysis Bazooka Rocket Launcher
Body Parts Face / Bust, Fist
Air Analysis Stars and night sky.
Air Celestial Bodies, Clouds / Fog, Sky
Geopolitical Symbols Symbol of party, movement or company, Slogan
Geopolitical Analysis PIJ logo - Qur'anic verse 2:191 arched over a takbir and the Dome of the Rock sitting on two brown fists with two crossed rifles jutting out in the back; a red map of Israel/Palestine down the middle; the phrase saraya al-quds is arched under the logo, completing the circle with the top arch.
People Group Leader / Influential figure, Operational Leader, Operative / Warrior (=mujahid), Man / Men
People Analysis Fathi Shqaqi, deceased leader of PIJ and founder of Shqaqi faction.
Religious Textual References Other Medieval Text, Use of Calligraphy
Religious Textual References Analysis Traditional phrase to be said after the mention of the Prophet "salla Allah `alayhi wa-sallam" [God's prayer and peace be upon him].
Flora Trees / Shrubs, Grass / Leaves / Branches Only
Topography Valley / Meadow

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